Technology

Handheld 3D Scanning, Using Raspberry Pi 4 and Intel RealSense Camera

Raspberry Pi 4 (with USB 3.0) and Intel RealSense D415 depth sensing camera.

When the Raspberry Pi 4 came out, [Frank Zhao] saw the potential to make a realtime 3D scanner that was completely handheld and self-contained. The device has an Intel RealSense D415 depth-sensing camera as the main sensor, which uses two IR cameras and an RGB camera along with the Raspberry Pi 4. The Pi uses a piece of software called RTAB-Map — intended for robotic applications — to take care of using the data from the camera to map the environment in 3D and localize itself within that 3D space. Everything gets recorded in realtime.

This handheld device can act as a 3D scanner because the data gathered by RTAB-Map consists of a point cloud of an area as well as depth information. When combined with the origin of the sensing unit (i.e. the location of the camera within that area) it can export a point cloud into a mesh and even apply a texture derived from the camera footage. An example is shown below the break.

As far as 3D scanning goes, it’s OK if you’re thinking these results are not perfect. It’s true that the results don’t hold a candle to photogrammetry. But considering the low resolution of the Intel RealSense’s RGB camera and the fact that RTAB-Map is a SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) sandbox and not 3D scanning software, these results are amazing from a handheld device that is essentially outputting this in its spare time.

While this project might appear to consist of only a few components and some open software, getting it all to work together was a challenge. Check out the project’s GitHub repository to take advantage of [Frank]’s hard work, and watch the video embedded below.

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